Tecoma capensis (Thunb.) Lindl.Bignoniaceae
This species, which often climbs walls or trellises and that in the Alcázar does it specially on the trunk of a palm tree, comes, as its name suggests, from the Cape region, located on the southern tip of the African continent. A biological area that is known for being one of the smallest but most biologically rich in Africa, and where we can find more than 1100 plants, many of them endemic, like agapanthus, the clivia, flower of paradise or the Cape honeysuckle, which also are represented in the Alcázar of Seville. This region was first sighted by a European in 1488. It was the journey of Bartolomé Díaz that led to what was later called the 'Age of Discovery' and involved Spain and Portugal in a race to reach the Indies by alternatives routes to the ones monopolized by the Republic of Venice. The first ones to achieve it were the Portuguese by using the way of the Cape of Good Hope in a trip captained by Vasco de Gama. This expedition began in 1497, four years after Christopher Columbus travelled under the Spanish flag believed that he had done it, but what he found was America. So the western route had to wait until 1519 to take place at the hands of Magellan and El Cano. An expedition that departed from Sevilla and came back there too, and had the Cape of Good Hope as one of the trip stops. A challenge that would achieve not only the creation of an alternative route, but the achievement of the first trip around the world.