Jasminum officinale L.Oleaceae
Jasmine is often considered the flower of Paradise or the symbol of divine love. Since jasmine flowers precisely in May, the month dedicated to the Virgin Mary, the flower was associated with the image of the Mother of Jesus. Its white color evokes his candor and purity, positive meanings in any case referred to the grace, elegance and divine love. According to this interpretation, it can be seen in the hand of the Child Jesus or shaped as a wreath crowning the head of the angels and saints in many paintings. Sometimes, if it is accompanied by roses, it can mean faith. Highly valued in turn by Islamic culture, due to the fragment of an ancient Arabic poem we know that the king al-Mutamid liked the smell and whiteness of jasmine. This ruler of the dynasty Abadi led a kingdom based in Seville between the years 1040-1095 he was a true cultural center of the time. More attentive to the aesthetic pleasures of politics, al-Mutamid could not prevent that the Almoravids, North African dynasty with a fundamentalist view of Islam, conquered al-Andalus. He died in exile and melancholy in Morocco. Maybe they were other gardens full of jasmines the ones he evoked in exile; but we know that this king poet wanted that the palace and gardens of the Real Alcázar were during his administration a paradise on Earth. The custom of planting ornamental jasmine in the Real Alcázar seems to be maintained in times of kings of the house of Austria. Thus, by 1634 and in relation to the Garden of Prince, the humanist Rodrigo Caro said that there were jasmines everywhere.